Latar Belakang PDK Selayang


PDK Selayang (Pusat Pemulihan Dalam Komuniti Selayang) telah ditubuhkan pada 1hb Sept 1991, oleh sekumpulan ibubapa kepada kanak-kanak kurang upaya (pada masa tersebut dipanggil sebagai kanak-kanak istimewa) yang anak-anak mereka telah dikeluarkan dari pembelajaran wajib di sekolah-sekolah aliran perdana di Selayang, dengan alasan mereka (OKU tersebut) "tidak boleh belajar". Alasan sebenar Guru Besar sekolah-sekolah tersebut ialah mereka takut graf pencapaian sekolah akan menurun.

Bermula dengan 15 orang kanak-kanak kurang upaya kelas diadakan sekali seminggu pada setiap hari Sabtu dari jam 8:30 pagi hingga 1:00 tengahari, dengan dilatih oleh seorang Petugas PDK (panggilan Cikgu PDK pada masa tersebut) iaitu Puan Noraini Othman.

Hari ini PDK Selayang telah berkembang pesat dengan jumlah pelatih OKU PDK seramai 102 orang melalui beberapa program iaitu Kelas Harian EIP, Kelas Harian LPV, Kelas Harian Pemulihan Perubatan (Pemulihan Anggota, Pemulihan Pertuturan dan Pemulihan Carakerja), Lawatan ke Rumah dan Program Rumah Kelompok (lelaki).

Kumpulan Sasar Utama:
OKU (Orang Kurang Upaya)

Kumpulan Sasar Tambahan:
Anak-Anak Yatim, Kanak-Kanak Kurang Bernasib Baik, Ibu Tunggal/Ibu Tinggal, Warga Emas dan Keluarga Miskin (dari lingkungan kumpulan sasar utama)

Kelas Harian EIP:
5 hari/minggu; Isnin-Jumaat; 8:30am-12:30pm.

Kelas Harian LPV (Latihan Pemulihan Vokasional):
5 hari/minggu; Isnin-Jumaat; 9:00am- 4:00pm.

Kelas harian Pemulihan Perubatan pula dijalankan seperti berikut:

Pemulihan Anggota:
3 hari/minggu; Isnin, Rabu danJumaat; 8:30-11:30am; untuk OKU dari keluarga miskin dan berpendapatan rendah.

Sabtu & Ahad pula dikhaskan kepada OKU yang keluarganya mampu bayar penuh kos pakar (OKU dari keluarga kaya).

Pemulihan Pertuturan:
2 hari/minggu, Rabu dan Jumaat 8:30am- 12:00pm; untuk OKU dari keluarga berpendapan rendah dan miskin dan hari 2 hari dalam seminggu dikhaskan untuk OKU dari keluarga kaya yang mampu membayar kos pakar.

Pemulihan Carakerja:
3 hari/minggu; Isnin, Rabu dan Jumaat; 8:30-11:30am; untuk pelatih kanak-kanak; 2:30-4:00pm untuk pelatih remaja PDK.

Program Lawatan ke Rumah:
2 kali/minggu; Selasa (2:00-4:00 petang) dan Sabtu (9:30am-12:30pm). Berdasarkan keperluan dan persetujuan dari ibubapa/penjaga untuk kehadiran Petugas PDK di kediaman mereka.

Program Rumah Kelompok (Lelaki):
Menempatkan seramai 4 OKU yang telah bekerja. (telah ditamatkan pada Januari 2015)

PDK Selayang yang ditadbir-urus oleh satu Jawatankuasa yang dilantik oleh ibubapa/penjaga OKU.

PDK Selayang dipengerusikan oleh Y. Bhg. Dato' Ir. Dr Haji Azhari Md Salleh, dengan kekuatan Jawatankuasa seramai 13 orang, (sila lihat
side menu).

Seramai 15 kakitangan berkhidmat di PDK Selayang yang diketuai oleh Penyelia PDK iaitu Puan Noraini Othman, (sila lihat
side menu).

Sunday, August 11, 2013

SMART PARENTING : How to Manage Your Kid's Duit Raya

DO you know how much duit raya your children have collected in the past few days? Do you keep track of how they are spending it?
For children, duit raya is part of Aidilfitri. Even the very little ones get excited over the colourful little envelopes. Older children will already have made a shopping list.
Some cry and throw tantrums if they don’t get any duit raya. Some  visit open houses for the money, not the food.
Parents should take this opportunity to teach children about money, manners and gratitude. Ask them to show good manners when visiting people’s homes. Kids need to be reminded regularly. It’s also a good idea to run a mock exercise at home. Good manners begin at home. It reflects our ability as parents.

If children are aged 6 and below, parents should keep their money for them. Separate the cash of one sibling from another. Expect them to ask about the total collection a few times a day. Smile and patiently assure them that their money is in safe hands.
Never spend that money without their approval. It’s a lesson about trust and promises.
Older children can keep the money themselves. Ensure that they do so in a safe place like their wallets or purse. Tell them that its safety is  their responsibility. If it’s lost or misplaced, they can’t blame others.
This is a powerful lesson in responsibility.
Our role is to supervise children. Regularly ask them how much money they have collected. Don’t let them keep the money too long in  envelopes which may be thrown away by mistake. Help them recycle the envelopes.
This is a perfect opportunity to teach children about savings and managing a windfall. There are many temptations. The neighbourhood grocery stores offer attractive things like toys or fireworks especially during this season. Some even sell mini-gambling games. With money in their hands, kids are tempted.
Help them to resist. Start with an agreement that they should keep most of their duit raya.

I recommend the Reverse Savings Rate formula. If during normal times you encourage them to save 25 per cent of their allowance, this is a time to reverse it. Save 75 per cent and spend 25 per cent. If the collection is RM200, 25 per cent is RM50, a big sum for most children.  
Let’s take it further. The 75 per cent should be deposited into your child’s bank account and added to their regular savings, if any. Ideally, you should bring them to the bank where they can do the necessary while you supervise. This exposes them to the process of banking and savings.
We should allow children to spend 25 per cent to avoid envy upon seeing their friends spend their duit raya. Otherwise, they may view the exercise of saving money in a negative way — that it’s too strict and controlling.
Give them joy by fulfilling their dreams. That is their right as children. However, buy things for them based on affordability and needs.
Teenagers can be given a bigger say in how they spend the money. However, parents, still have a role to play. Talk and discuss positively. Encourage them to apply the same 75:25 rule. If you can afford it, match their savings ringgit for ringgit — a great way to encourage them to save rather than spend. Ask what’s their spending plan, including what and where to buy. Offer advice and experiences such as cheaper stores and brands.

It’s never too early to start teaching children about money. It’s one of the most responsible things to do, since money management is not taught in schools. Teach them to save as early as possible. Children in primary schools should be given weekly, not daily allowances. Older ones in secondary schools can be given monthly allowances.
Give them 25 per cent more, but that amount should be saved first before they spend. Saving first before spending is a powerful concept.  
If we practise the savings first concept, it will become a habit when the children earn their own money.

Read more: SMART PARENTING: Managing duit raya - Sunday Life & Times - New Straits Times

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