Latar Belakang PDK Selayang

SEJARAH PENUBUHAN:

PDK Selayang (Pusat Pemulihan Dalam Komuniti Selayang) telah ditubuhkan pada 1hb Sept 1991, oleh sekumpulan ibubapa kepada kanak-kanak kurang upaya (pada masa tersebut dipanggil sebagai kanak-kanak istimewa) yang anak-anak mereka telah dikeluarkan dari pembelajaran wajib di sekolah-sekolah aliran perdana di Selayang, dengan alasan mereka (OKU tersebut) "tidak boleh belajar". Alasan sebenar Guru Besar sekolah-sekolah tersebut ialah mereka takut graf pencapaian sekolah akan menurun.

Bermula dengan 15 orang kanak-kanak kurang upaya kelas diadakan sekali seminggu pada setiap hari Sabtu dari jam 8:30 pagi hingga 1:00 tengahari, dengan dilatih oleh seorang Petugas PDK (panggilan Cikgu PDK pada masa tersebut) iaitu Puan Noraini Othman.

Hari ini PDK Selayang telah berkembang pesat dengan jumlah pelatih OKU PDK seramai 102 orang melalui beberapa program iaitu Kelas Harian EIP, Kelas Harian LPV, Kelas Harian Pemulihan Perubatan (Pemulihan Anggota, Pemulihan Pertuturan dan Pemulihan Carakerja), Lawatan ke Rumah dan Program Rumah Kelompok (lelaki).

Kumpulan Sasar Utama:
OKU (Orang Kurang Upaya)

Kumpulan Sasar Tambahan:
Anak-Anak Yatim, Kanak-Kanak Kurang Bernasib Baik, Ibu Tunggal/Ibu Tinggal, Warga Emas dan Keluarga Miskin (dari lingkungan kumpulan sasar utama)

Kelas Harian EIP:
5 hari/minggu; Isnin-Jumaat; 8:30am-12:30pm.

Kelas Harian LPV (Latihan Pemulihan Vokasional):
5 hari/minggu; Isnin-Jumaat; 9:00am- 4:00pm.

Kelas harian Pemulihan Perubatan pula dijalankan seperti berikut:

Pemulihan Anggota:
3 hari/minggu; Isnin, Rabu danJumaat; 8:30-11:30am; untuk OKU dari keluarga miskin dan berpendapatan rendah.

Sabtu & Ahad pula dikhaskan kepada OKU yang keluarganya mampu bayar penuh kos pakar (OKU dari keluarga kaya).

Pemulihan Pertuturan:
2 hari/minggu, Rabu dan Jumaat 8:30am- 12:00pm; untuk OKU dari keluarga berpendapan rendah dan miskin dan hari 2 hari dalam seminggu dikhaskan untuk OKU dari keluarga kaya yang mampu membayar kos pakar.

Pemulihan Carakerja:
3 hari/minggu; Isnin, Rabu dan Jumaat; 8:30-11:30am; untuk pelatih kanak-kanak; 2:30-4:00pm untuk pelatih remaja PDK.

Program Lawatan ke Rumah:
2 kali/minggu; Selasa (2:00-4:00 petang) dan Sabtu (9:30am-12:30pm). Berdasarkan keperluan dan persetujuan dari ibubapa/penjaga untuk kehadiran Petugas PDK di kediaman mereka.

Program Rumah Kelompok (Lelaki):
Menempatkan seramai 4 OKU yang telah bekerja. (telah ditamatkan pada Januari 2015)

Pengurusan:
PDK Selayang yang ditadbir-urus oleh satu Jawatankuasa yang dilantik oleh ibubapa/penjaga OKU.

PDK Selayang dipengerusikan oleh Y. Bhg. Dato' Ir. Dr Haji Azhari Md Salleh, dengan kekuatan Jawatankuasa seramai 13 orang, (sila lihat
side menu).

Kakitangan:
Seramai 15 kakitangan berkhidmat di PDK Selayang yang diketuai oleh Penyelia PDK iaitu Puan Noraini Othman, (sila lihat
side menu).


Saturday, November 30, 2013

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 15 : Enjoy Regular Sex

Enjoy Regular Sex


It turns out that sex doesn't just make you feel good -- it's good for you, too. Studies have shown that a good sex life can be a boost to health. One study looked at the connection between sexual activity and health in people middle-aged and older. The researchers found that those who had frequent sex were in better overall health than those who had sex less often.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 14 : Get a Pet

Get a Pet


There's a reason dogs are called "man's best friend." Dogs and other pets can offer us companionship, exercise, and even good health. Studies have found that having a pet can help reduce blood pressure, lower cholesterol levels, and improve heart health. One study showed that having a dog can help improve immune system development and may reduce the risks of allergies in children.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 13 : Wash Your Hands

Wash Your Hands


One of the easiest ways to help your immune system fight illness is to wash your hands regularly. It's also one of the best ways to keep yourself and others healthy. Be sure to use soap and clean, running water, and wash for at least 20 seconds. If you don't have access to soap and water, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that has at least 60% alcohol.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 12 : Kick the Nicotine Habit

Kick the Nicotine Habit


Here's another reason to give up smoking -- it weakens your immune system. Even if you're just an occasional smoker, you're still at risk. According to the U.S. surgeon general, even low levels of exposure to tobacco can cause health problems, including heart attack, stroke, and asthma. If you need help quitting, talk with your doctor.

Muslims also prohibited from smoking

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 11 : Limit Alcohol

Limit Alcohol


Drinking alcohol is part of our culture. Many people drink at meals and at parties as a way to socialize and celebrate. But drinking too much alcohol can weaken your immune system and cause you to get sick more often. To minimize risk, men should have no more than two drinks per day. Women should not have more than one drink per day.

Muslims is prohibited from drink alcohol.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 10 : Get a Good Night's Sleep

Get a Good Night's Sleep


Without enough sleep, your immune system may not have the resources it needs to fight off illness. Most adults need about seven to nine hours of sleep each night. You can help yourself to a more restful sleep by keeping a regular schedule, getting exercise, avoiding caffeine and alcohol close to bedtime, relaxing before bedtime, and keeping your bedroom at a comfortable temperature.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 9 : Keep Your Body Moving

Keep Your Body Moving


One simple way to strengthen your immune system is by exercising. Getting regular exercise can also reduce stress and help lower your risk of osteoporosis, heart disease, and certain types of cancer. You get the most benefit when you exercise at a moderate level a few times a week. Any type of movement is helpful, including bicycling, walking, yoga, swimming, or playing golf.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 8 : Consider Herbs and Supplements

Consider Herbs and Supplements


Many people take herbs or supplements to improve their overall health. Some supplements have been shown to affect the immune system. But more well-designed studies are needed to learn their beneficial effects on humans. These include garlic, ginseng, milk thistle, astragalus, and probiotics such as lactobacillus and bifidobacterium. Talk with your doctor if you have questions about which supplements may be good for you.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 7 : Avoid Empty Calories

Avoid Empty Calories


Processed foods such as fast foods, snack foods, candy, and soda don't provide much in the way of vitamins, fiber, or other nutrients. And they often contain other additives and chemicals that may not be good for your body. When you choose these foods over more nutrient-rich foods such as vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, you risk depleting your body of essential nutrients.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 6 : Take Your Vitamins

Take Your Vitamins


If you have a feeling your diet is lacking, consider taking a multivitamin. A daily multivitamin will help ensure that your body is getting all of the building blocks for a healthy immune system. Some nutrients that may be especially important for immune system health include selenium, vitamins A, C, D, and E, zinc, and magnesium.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 5 : Eat Your Antioxidants

Eat Your Antioxidants


Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables can help you get a healthy dose of antioxidants. These substances in foods help protect your cells from free radicals, molecules that can damage cells. To get a wide range of antioxidants, choose fruits and vegetables of different colors, such as oranges, green peppers, broccoli, kiwi, strawberries, carrots, watermelon, papaya, leafy greens, and cantaloupe.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 4 : Have a Laugh

Have a Laugh


A good belly laugh might be good for you. While there's some evidence that laughter may help boost our immune system, overall research results have been mixed. A group of researchers who looked at several studies about laughter and immune function found that people who laughed out loud at funny videos had higher immune function after watching the video.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 3 : Keep a Positive Attitude

Keep a Positive Attitude


Positive thoughts can give your immune system a healthy boost. One study of law students found that when they were feeling more optimistic, their immune system was stronger. To increase your optimism, take time to savor the things you enjoy, look for the silver lining in difficult situations, and try not to dwell on negative thoughts.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 2 : Build a Strong Social Network

Build a Strong Social Network


We all know friends are important, but strong social ties can also have a big effect on your health. A recent study found that people with strong relationships were 50% more likely to survive than those with poor social ties. To broaden your social network, try volunteering, taking a class, or joining a group that interests you. And be sure to nurture the bonds you already have.

15 Tips to Strengthen Your Immune System : Tips No. 1 : Reduce Your Stress

Reduce Your Stress



Some stress can be a good thing. It's your body's way of preparing for a challenge, such as giving a presentation. But a steady stream of stress can be bad for your health. Studies show it can even weaken your immune system -- your body's system for fighting off disease and illness. Reduce your stress by avoiding whatever stressors you can. Take the time to relax and do things you enjoy

Friday, November 29, 2013

10 Perkara Yang Merosakkan Otak


Political Corruption : Princeton University defines

Princeton University defines:

Political corruption is the use of legislated powers by government officials for illegitimate 

private gain. Misuse of government power for other purposes, such as repression of 

political opponents and general police brutality, is not considered political corruption. 

Neither are illegal acts by private persons or corporations not directly involved with the 

government. An illegal act by an officeholder constitutes political corruption only if the act 

is directly related to their official duties.


Forms of corruption vary, but include bribery, extortion, cronyism

nepotism, patronage,  graft, and embezzlement. While corruption may 

facilitate criminal enterprise such as drug trafficking, money laundering, and human 

trafficking, it is not restricted to these activities.


The activities that constitute illegal corruption differ depending on the country or 

jurisdiction. For instance, certain political funding practices that are legal in one place may 

be illegal in another. In some cases, government officials have broad or poorly defined 

powers, which make it difficult to distinguish between legal and illegal actions. A state of 

unrestrained political corruption is known as a kleptocracy, literally meaning "rule 

by thieves".

Monday, November 18, 2013

Bengkel Pemantapan Garis Panduan PDK dan RPI PDK-PDK Daerah Gombak 2013

Perkara: Bengkel Pemantapan Garis Panduan PDK dan RPI Daerah Gpmbak 2013

Tarikh: 15-16hb November 2013

Peserta: 9 orang Penyelia PDK dari 9 buah PDK Daerah Gombak dan 12 Petugas PDK Daerah Gombak yang terpilih.

Fasilitator:

1. Puan Nor Zulina Mansor; Pegawai Penyelaras PDK Daerah Gombak
2. Encik Mohd Yusof Tawil; Naib Pengerusi 2 PDK Selayang
3. Puan Noraini Othman; Penyelia PDK Selayang
4. Puan Suhaila Abdul Manap; Penyelia PDK Hulu Kelang
5. Encik Mohd Syahrulikram Mohd Yasin; Jurupulih Pertuturan PDK Selayang
6. Puan Siti Nor Azila Saari; Jurupulih Carakerja PDK Selayang.