Latar Belakang PDK Selayang


PDK Selayang (Pusat Pemulihan Dalam Komuniti Selayang) telah ditubuhkan pada 1hb Sept 1991, oleh sekumpulan ibubapa kepada kanak-kanak kurang upaya (pada masa tersebut dipanggil sebagai kanak-kanak istimewa) yang anak-anak mereka telah dikeluarkan dari pembelajaran wajib di sekolah-sekolah aliran perdana di Selayang, dengan alasan mereka (OKU tersebut) "tidak boleh belajar". Alasan sebenar Guru Besar sekolah-sekolah tersebut ialah mereka takut graf pencapaian sekolah akan menurun.

Bermula dengan 15 orang kanak-kanak kurang upaya kelas diadakan sekali seminggu pada setiap hari Sabtu dari jam 8:30 pagi hingga 1:00 tengahari, dengan dilatih oleh seorang Petugas PDK (panggilan Cikgu PDK pada masa tersebut) iaitu Puan Noraini Othman.

Hari ini PDK Selayang telah berkembang pesat dengan jumlah pelatih OKU PDK seramai 102 orang melalui beberapa program iaitu Kelas Harian EIP, Kelas Harian LPV, Kelas Harian Pemulihan Perubatan (Pemulihan Anggota, Pemulihan Pertuturan dan Pemulihan Carakerja), Lawatan ke Rumah dan Program Rumah Kelompok (lelaki).

Kumpulan Sasar Utama:
OKU (Orang Kurang Upaya)

Kumpulan Sasar Tambahan:
Anak-Anak Yatim, Kanak-Kanak Kurang Bernasib Baik, Ibu Tunggal/Ibu Tinggal, Warga Emas dan Keluarga Miskin (dari lingkungan kumpulan sasar utama)

Kelas Harian EIP:
5 hari/minggu; Isnin-Jumaat; 8:30am-12:30pm.

Kelas Harian LPV (Latihan Pemulihan Vokasional):
5 hari/minggu; Isnin-Jumaat; 9:00am- 4:00pm.

Kelas harian Pemulihan Perubatan pula dijalankan seperti berikut:

Pemulihan Anggota:
3 hari/minggu; Isnin, Rabu danJumaat; 8:30-11:30am; untuk OKU dari keluarga miskin dan berpendapatan rendah.

Sabtu & Ahad pula dikhaskan kepada OKU yang keluarganya mampu bayar penuh kos pakar (OKU dari keluarga kaya).

Pemulihan Pertuturan:
2 hari/minggu, Rabu dan Jumaat 8:30am- 12:00pm; untuk OKU dari keluarga berpendapan rendah dan miskin dan hari 2 hari dalam seminggu dikhaskan untuk OKU dari keluarga kaya yang mampu membayar kos pakar.

Pemulihan Carakerja:
3 hari/minggu; Isnin, Rabu dan Jumaat; 8:30-11:30am; untuk pelatih kanak-kanak; 2:30-4:00pm untuk pelatih remaja PDK.

Program Lawatan ke Rumah:
2 kali/minggu; Selasa (2:00-4:00 petang) dan Sabtu (9:30am-12:30pm). Berdasarkan keperluan dan persetujuan dari ibubapa/penjaga untuk kehadiran Petugas PDK di kediaman mereka.

Program Rumah Kelompok (Lelaki):
Menempatkan seramai 4 OKU yang telah bekerja. (telah ditamatkan pada Januari 2015)

PDK Selayang yang ditadbir-urus oleh satu Jawatankuasa yang dilantik oleh ibubapa/penjaga OKU.

PDK Selayang dipengerusikan oleh Y. Bhg. Dato' Ir. Dr Haji Azhari Md Salleh, dengan kekuatan Jawatankuasa seramai 13 orang, (sila lihat
side menu).

Seramai 15 kakitangan berkhidmat di PDK Selayang yang diketuai oleh Penyelia PDK iaitu Puan Noraini Othman, (sila lihat
side menu).

Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Special Olympics World Winter Games 2013 : Zulkarnain creates history

Zulkarnain creates history

ZULKARNAIN … first Malaysian to win an individual bronze medal at the Special Olympics World Winter Games.

27th February, 2013KOTA KINABALU: Fifteen-year-old Mohd Zulkarnain Mohd Riduan won a bronze medal for Malaysia at the 10th Special Olympics World Winter Games at Pyeongchang, South Korea recently.

The special athlete from Kampung Suang Parai, Menggatal secured the third spot in the 100m snowshoeing final at Alpensia Biathlon Centre during the Winter Games from January 25 – February 5.
The podium finish achieved by Zulkarnain, a special education student of SMK Kolombong is the first ever Winter Games individual medal bagged by a Malaysian special athlete.

“Even though we don’t have snow, yet we still can send athletes to the Winter Games as Special Olympics provide year-round sports training and athletic competition for individuals with intellectual disabilities to demonstrate courage and acceptance and inclusion in the community,” said Sabah’s snowshoeing coach Raymond Epun.
“He could have won a silver medal if he focused straight ahead during the race. Instead he kept on turning his head left and right to check on the other runners and this slowed him down,” reflected Raymond.

“Before he went to the starting line, I checked his snowshoes to make sure the laces were tightened because when they are speeding the shoes could accidentally fly off if not secured properly as this happened during the Games, causing a lot of participants to tumble to the ground.

“Although I advised him to just finish the race and enjoy himself, but I could see he had a lot of determination which I think was spurred by the size of the other finalists as he was the smallest guy in the starting line-up,” said Raymond.

Zulkarnain also fared well in the 200m snowshoeing race and managed to finish fifth even though this is not his pet event.
Another member in the national team was 16-year-old Joanna Cherlyn Julius who reached the 200m snowshoeing final and she received a ribbon for finishing outside the medals spot.
“She was tailing in second place during the early stage of the final race, but in the last 50m, she abruptly stopped … maybe overwhelmed by the loud cheering coming from the crowd at the stands.

“Despite the unexpected twist, I still congratulate her for reaching the 200m final. I think she must have suffered stage fright midway in the race because this was the first time in her life she was watched by so many people,” stated Raymond.

Joanna who hails from Kampung Nosoob, Penampang and attends special education class at SMK Bahang also competed in the 100m snowshoeing event and even though she failed to shine, she was given a surprise visit by her mother Rosmani Binijin.

Rosmani who took time off from her busy work schedule and travelled to the Games secretly, turned up to gave her daughter a big hug and morale support after she completed all her events.
“After the competition, I asked the two special athletes and they told me it was easier for them to slide forward on the snow surface than the sandy ground, the place where they did their training and preparations for three months before going to the Games,” shared Raymond.

“The weather condition in Korea was freezing – below minus six degrees Celsius and the blizzard in the evening made it worse, and fortunately we brought enough winter attire to keep our bodies warm,” he related.

“During the race, the special athletes were given a free choice to wear whatever clothes they wanted so long as it was comfortable. To overcome the extreme cold, our special athletes wore gloves, wool shoes and caps as well as two layers of winter dress underneath their thermal shirts to warm up their bodies before the race,” he said.

Prior to the actual competition, he said the participants went through a divisioning process to make sure the special athletes competed based on their level of ability and strengths.
“We also attended the Healthy Athletes Programme (HAP), a non-competition event specially designed for the special athletes to get thorough medical screening,” said Raymond.

“During the visit doctors discovered that Zulkarnain was having a nagging problem with his ears, and immediately provided the treatment to improve his hearing.

“Besides that, the doctors also checked his dental health and now he knows how to brush his teeth before he goes to bed and when he wakes up,” he noted.

“Before the actual competition started, we participated in the Host Town Programme at Seocho City, located at the fringe of Seoul on January 25-28, to get ourselves acclimatised with the local weather, tradition and culture.

“The entourage from Malaysia was taken on a tour to the Umyeon Elementary School gymnasium to see their modern sports facilities and trained there for three hours before heading to the Namsan Tower, a landmark of Seoul for sight seeing, and learnt about Korean history at the Gyeong Bok Palace built in 1395 during the Chosun Dynastry,” he said.

He said the Mayor of Seocho City also hosted a farewell party for the Malaysian delegation comprising 22 members – six coaches and 16 special athletes – including a group of Sarawakians who clinched a bronze medal for Malaysia in the indoor floor hockey competition.

Raymond also thanked the parents of Zulkarnain and Joanna for allowing their children to attend the training programme designed to prepare them for the Winter Games, as well as the State Education Department for releasing the two students.
He also appreciated the publicity given by the print media in promoting the event.

“I am sure the two athletes will not forget the memorable experience in Korea where they made a lot of new friends and I hope they enjoyed every moment of it,” added Raymond.
The next Winter Games will be held in Austria in 2017, and Raymond proposed to the Special Olympics Malaysia to send eight special athletes – four boys and four girls so that they could compete in the relay team events.

Tuesday, February 26, 2013

PDK Selayang : Bengkel Intervensi, Perkembangan dan Pertuturan@ PDK Selayang

Bengkel Intervensi, Perkembangan dan Pertuturan@ PDK Selayang

PDK Selayang akan menganjurkan bengkel tersebut pada:

Tarikh: 2hb Mac 2013 (Sabtu)
Masa: 8:00am - 1:00pm
Tempat: PDK Selayang.
Yuran: RM25.00/orang.

(Yuran adalah untuk bahan bengkel/kursus, minum pagi, makan tengahari dan sijil penyertaan).

Siapa yang perlu hadir:

1. Ibubapa / Penjaga OKU (pelatih PDK) berumur 9 tahun kebawah, (walaubagaimanapun lain-lain ibubapa/penjaga juga digalakkan untuk hadir bersama bagi menambah ilmu).

2. Petugas-Petugas PDK.

3. Guru-guru Pendidikan Khas.


1. Encik Mohd Syahrulikram Mohd Yasin;Jurupulih Pertuturan.

2. Cik Fatin Atiqah Mohd Sukri; Jurupulih Carakerja

3. Cik Siti Hazura Mansor.

Untuk maklumat lanjut; sila berhubung dengan Puan Jamaliah Ahmad atau Puan Siti Nor Azila Saari di talian +603-6137 3467

Asperger : Social Skills Topics – How to Teach Non-Verbal Cues

Social Skills Topics – 
How to Teach Non-Verbal Cues

If you have a teenager who is diagnosed with Autism/Asperger’s, you probably notice that he/she has difficulty with social skills and non-verbal cues especially. Non-verbal cues are important to give and important to understand when communicating with others. The majority of the way we communicate is via non-verbal cues so learning the non-verbal cues and the meaning behind them is important for social skills training. In this article, I will be focusing on 2 non-verbal cues: Eye Contact and Facial/Body Cues. Included are some quick exercises that you can do with your teen at home. These exercises are meant as a warm up and will help with bringing awareness to your teen in regards to non-verbal communication.

Eye Contact

Eye contact is extremely important in socializing with others. You can gauge a person’s emotions by seeing where their eyes are focused. Eye contact is so important that even the common adage, “The eyes are the window to a person’s soul” is often quoted with regards to eye contact. If your teenager has difficulty with making eye contact with others, it is usually in the following forms:  There is lack of eye contact (e.g., staring down, staring away, staring off into space); or there is too much eye contact (e.g., staring straight into someone’s eyes without blinking). Below are some exercises to practice making appropriate eye contact:

Exercise 1.

The Eyes Have it: When your teenager is talking to you about something, make sure they look at your face—they can look at your nose or your mouth but at least it’s in the vicinity of your face. Remind them with a verbal cue (e.g., “Eyes,” “Where are your eyes?” or some other similar phrase). Verbally praise your teenager each time they make appropriate eye contact with you.

Exercise 2.

Turn Away: Have your teenager count to 5 in their head (or out loud at first, if that’s easier for him/her) BEFORE they avert their eyes. Again, praise them for making eye contact with you and for averting their eyes at the appropriate time. You will repeat this throughout your conversations with your teenager.
These exercises are also really good to practice for more advanced social skills training. But the art of making appropriate eye contact needs to be established first as eye contact (or lack thereof or too much of it) is one of the first things that people notice about you. It is the building block of social skills.
The next non-verbal social cue to focus on is facial/body cues. These are important since non-verbal facial cues convey a lot of emotions (or lack thereof). Non-verbal facial cues convey to the speaker how you are feeling.


The way we stand, the way our arms our crossed, the facial expressions we make, all convey emotions. It is important to understand what these non-verbal cues convey to others. Below are some exercises to help your teen practice these cues.

Exercise 1.

Monkey Faces: Have your teen stand in front of a mirror next to you. Have your teen imitate your expressions. This exercise is to give awareness to your teen about how facial expressions look to others. Becoming aware of how your facial expressions and body language looks to others is key to social skills.

Exercise 2.

Take a Wild Guess: Now, once you have your teen’s attention, continue to make facial expressions BUT now, have your teen guess what emotion is behind the facial expression. Start off with the easy ones first (e.g., smile, frown, furrowed brow) then move to the more difficult ones (e.g., rolling eyes, head cocked to the side). Do the same with body language (e.g., arms crossed, legs crossed, leaning forward, leaning backward). Remember, it’s important for your teen to remember that each facial expression, each body language movement conveys an emotion.
Practicing the above exercises will allow your teen to start being aware of all the ways people communicate non-verbally.
Article by Marianne Bernaldo

PDK Selayang : Kementerian Sosial Kesultanan Oman Lawat PDK Selayang

Sebelah petang PDK Selayang dilawat pula oleh Delegasi dari Kementerian Sosial Kesultanan Oman, mereka dalam rangka lawatan sambil belajar dari Malaysia mengenai sistem sosial dan kebajikan di Malaysia. Seramai 6 orang anggota (dari 7) telah hadir ke PDK Selayang di ketua oleh Dr Sheikh Salam dan diiringi oleh Encik Shahrul Nizam bersama dua orang pegawai dari unit antarabangsa JKMM. Dato' Prof. Ir. Dr. Haji Azhari Md Salleh juga hadir untuk menyambut dan mengalu-alukan mereka serta menyampaikan taklimat berkenaan PDK Selayang. ST Mohd Syahrulikram telah membacakan do'a manakala ST Nor Amira Mat Saad telah volunteer menjadi pengacara majlis. Lawatan diserikan dengan persembahan percussion "Groovability' yang dipimpin oleh Encik Shahrin Hamid, seperti biasa anggota persembahan adalah dari terdiri dari pelatih-pelatih dari Pdk Selayang, PDK Hulu Kelang dan PDK Rawang.